Week 7 definitions

Digital automata:

Software programs that need no human supervision, such as bots, recommender systems, agents, avatars, chatterbots, & collaborative filtering.

Semantic Web:

A project created by the World Wide Web Consortium whose goals involve the creation of machine-readable protocols, which are used for conveying meaning about data (metadata and ontologies), and which also allow computers to deal with data independently in performing tasks on behalf of humans.

Autonomic computing:

The goal of autonomic computing is to create systems that can manage themselves to a significant degree without any human intervention.

Distributed denial of service (DDoS):

Use automated techniques, such as worms, for the purpose of compromising and seizing control of a very large number of computers, creating a Botnet, which is then used to shut down targeted Web sites.

Spambot:

Crawl the Internet to harvest email addresses from public Web pages.

Collect (function performed by digital automata):

Programs that gather and store information in databases, such as search engine crawlers. (googlebot).

Filter (function performed by digital automata):

Programs that sort and classify information based on a given set of criteria. (SpamAssassin).

Recommend (function performed by digital automata):

Programs that analyze information such as preferences to make recommendations. (MovieLens).

Find (function performed by digital automata):

Programs that autonomously conduct searches based on a set of given criteria.

Monitor (function performed by digital automata):

Programs that scan information to detect changes and respond, for example, by issuing an alert. (Copernic).

Process (function performed by digital automata):

Programs that perform regularly scheduled processes, such as with basic computer maintenance. (Macaroni).

Transact (function performed by digital automata):

Programs that perform automated transactions, such as with auction bidding. (Auction Sentry).

Simulate (function performed by digital automata):

Programs that simulate human activity such as speech, facial expressions, or motion. The representations may be realistic or stylized. (CyberBuddy, Lauren).

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